Agricultural land

The pie chart below shows the main reasons why agricultural land becomes less productive. The table shows how these causes affected three regions of the world during the 1990s.
Summarise the information by selecting and reporting the main features, and make comparisons where relevant.

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IELTS Writing Task 1: pie chart and table

If you get a question like this one from Cambridge IELTS book 8, you don’t need to worry about comparing the two charts. Just describe them separately:

  1. Introduction: say what each chart shows
  2. Overview: write one general sentence about the pie chart, and one about the table
  3. Details: describe the pie chart
  4. Details: describe the table

Here’s an example ‘overview’. Notice that I write a separate sentence about each chart, and I paraphrase several of the words from the question.

Overview (paragraph 2):
It is clear from the pie chart that there are three principal reasons why farmland becomes degraded, and over-grazing is the main one. The table shows that Europe had a far higher proportion of unproductive land than Oceania or North America in the 1990s.

Task: Find the examples of paraphrasing in the paragraph above.

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The pie chart illustrates the significant factors that destroy the farmland quality and the table shows the portion of causes that affected three regions of the US during the 1990s.

It is clear from the pie chart that there are three primary reasons why farmland becomes degraded and overgrazing is the main one. The table shows that Europe had a higher percentage of unproductive agricultural land than North America and Oceania.

Looking more closely at the pie chart, overgrazing is the main reason for land degradation over a third. Thirty percentage unproductive farmland that was affected by the action cut down the trees illegally. Over-cultivation is one the three factors that make agricultural land become poor quality.

According to the table, three reasons: deforestation, overcultivation, overgrazing posed a serious threat to farming land of Europe about 23%, the second top is Oceania with 13 %. The least effect was North America with 5% land degraded.

The pie chart illustrates the primary factors that explain why farming lands became reduced in terms of fertility whereas the table displays how these elements impacted three different areas of the earth during the 1990s.

Overall, the chart displays that there were three principal reasons leading to the reduction in productivity of the farmland, and over-grazing was the major one. The table shows that the proportion of unproductive land in Europe was far higher than in the other two regions in this period.

It can be observed from the pie chart that over-grazing represented the biggest slice at about 35%. Deforestation was trailing behind at 30%. This is followed by the overuse of crops that was slightly behind with just 2%. Other reasons had the smallest percentage, constituting about 7%.

The table shows that 23% of Europe’s entire surface faced with degradation, while only 5% of North America’s land became less productive. The figure for Oceania’s infertile land was higher with 13%.

The pie graph illustrates the key factors which make land reduced in terms of fertility while the table displays how these elements impacted three regions of the global during the 1990s.

It is clear that the pie chart shows the causes of worldwide land degradation,and over-grazing is the main one.The table presents the causes of land degradation by region and Europe had the highest percentage in three regions.

The pie graph displays four causes of land unproductive.The over-grazing has the highest proportion at over a third.The percentage of over-cultivation and deforestation is 28% and 30% respectively.The other reasons account for a very small number, only 7%.

The table shows that nearly a quarter of Europe’s total land was impacted by the sabotage of the foregeneration.Only a small proportion of North America’s entire surface was getting less productive at 5% and Oceania had a little higher fraction at 13%.

The pie chart shows main reasons for degradation of worldwide farming land. Meanwhile, the table illustrates the percentages of land degradation caused in the three regions such as North America, Europe and Oceania.

In general, deforestation and over-grazing are main reasons for land degradation in worldwide. It can be seen from the table, Europe is the region which deforestation was the highest percentage of land degradation.

Looking at the details from pie chart, over-grazing and deforestation account for 35% and 30% respectively. In contrast, over-cultivation and other causes occupy around 35% of land degradation only.

Meanwhile, regarding the region, deforestation is the highest percentage of land degradation in Europe and accounts for 9.8% of total degradation of lands. However, over-grazing is the largest percentage of land degradation factor in Oceania, 11.3% out of 13% of total land-degraded for this reason. In North America, over-cultivation counts for 3.3% of land degradation and is the highest cause among other factors in the same region.

The pie chart gives information about unproductive land due to 4 key factors, while the table gives a breakdown of the effect these causes had on agricultural land in three regions during the 1990s.

Overall, over-grazing, deforestation, and over-cultivation are all significant causes of land degradation globally, but the causes of less productive land in specific regions.

The pie chart shows that over-grazing by livestock is the most significant factor in land becoming degraded with 35% of land being affected in this way. However, this is closely followed by deforestation 30% and over-cultivation 28%, with the remaining 7% being made up of other causes

With respect to the table, it is clear that in the 1990s the North American region had the lowest amount of degraded land at just 5%. Of this land, about two-thirds was damaged by over-cultivation, just under a third by over-grazing, and a minimal amount by deforestation. In contrast, at the same time almost a quarter of arable land in Europe was degraded. Unlike the American region, the main factor in Europe was deforestation, with 9.8% of total land affected in this way. Moreover, over-cultivation and over-grazing were also majorly responsible for the deterioration of land quality. In the final region, Oceania, the main cause of land degradation was clearly over-grazing with 11.3% of land being affected by this out of a total of 13% of land degraded in total. Conversely, over-cultivation appeared to play no role in this part of the world, while deforestation affected only a relatively small amount at 1.7%