Export Earnings Cambridge 14 country's exports in various categories during 2015 and 2016

IELTS Writing Task 1: bar chart and table

A few people have asked me for help with the following task from Cambridge IELTS 14. Let’s start with a simple question:

Would you compare the chart and table, or describe them separately?

The chart below shows the value of one country’s exports in various categories during 2015 and 2016. The table shows the percentage change in each category or exports in 2016 compared with 2015.

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The bar chart and the table above give the information about the earnings of 5 different products exported in a country from 2015 to 2016.
It is clearly that, all product categories increased over the period except one. On top is the earnings of exporting Petroleum products in both 2 years and the most increase in revenue was the textile.
Total profit of Petroleum products was peak about 63$ billion in 2016, higher 3% than itself one year ago. Although all both revenue were lower than the one of Petroleum products, Engineered goods had a significant upward trend with 8.5% and reached approximately 63$ billion from 53 billions in 2015.
Texiles was the products having the highest increase in earnings. In 2015, the figure was 25$ billion but in 2016, the figure boomed and reached over 30$ billions which was 15,24% much more than it before. Agriculture products was the product only rose a little with 0.81%, total money got was just a bit over 30$ billion during the period. The only product had no profit was Gems and jewellery. 43$ billion in 2015 went down by 5.18% then remained about 40.5$ billion in 2016.

The chart and table give information on the export earnings of one country in five different products in 2005 and 2006.

It is clear that the export value of five product categories increased over two years. Petroleum products owned the highest profits both two year and the most increase in value was Textiles.

The profits of petroleum products rose 3% from 60billions dollar in 2005 to about 63 billions dollar in 2006. Likewise, there was a significant upward trend for Engineered goods which increased 8.5 % the export values and owned about 62 billions dollar in 2006.

The lowest revenue was Textiles which was about 28 billions dollar in 2005, but it had the highest increase in earnings which boomed 15.24 % during two year and was 31 billions dollar in 2016. In contrast, agriculture experienced a little increase in values which rose 0.81% from 31 billions in 2005 to 32 billions dollar in 2006.

The bar chart and table compare the figure of a nation’s export earning in five different products in 2015 and 2016.

It can be observed that most categories saw an upward trend in export revenues except gems and jewellery products over the years shown. Petroleum products were the highest export income in both two years while the textile industry had a significant increase in export profit.

There was a 3% increase in the export value of petroleum products, from 61 billion in 2015 to 63 billion in 2016. The profit of engineered goods also rose to 8.5%, gaining a similarity as the value of the former, about 62 billion in 2016.

The export earnings from the textile industry climbed dramatically at 15,24%, roughly 25 billion to over 30 billion. In contrast, Agricultural products maintained the same level, nearly 30 billion. Gems and jewellery products did not gain any profits, declined by 5.18%, approximately 40 billion in 2016.

IELTS Writing Task 1: identifying key features / trends

The overview or summary is a very important part of your task 1 answer. Before you write your overview, you need to identify the key features, trends or differences. Look at the ‘big picture’ rather than small details, and summarise the information without mentioning any numbers.

Look at the key features that I’ve highlighted in yellow below.
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Here’s a two-sentence overview, describing the highlighted features:

It is noticeable that export revenues in all but one of the five product categories rose over the period shown. While petroleum products were the highest earning exports in both years, the textile industry saw the most significant growth in earnings.

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IELTS Writing Task 1: connecting related information

When there’s a strong relationship between the two charts (as below), it makes sense to connect the information in your ‘details’ paragraphs.

Let’s try writing two sentences using the information that I’ve highlighted.

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1) Connect the information highlighted in yellow:

Export earnings from petroleum products rose from around $61 billion in 2015 to $63 billion in 2016, which was an increase of 3%.

2) Connect the information highlighted in green:

There was a 15.24% increase in export revenue from textiles, with earnings rising from roughly $25 billion to over $30 billion.

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IELTS Writing Task 1: one-sentence introduction

The easiest way to write your task 1 introduction is by paraphrasing the task statement.

The task statement in this lesson contains two sentences:

The chart below shows the value of one country’s exports in various categories during 2015 and 2016. The table shows the percentage change in each category or exports in 2016 compared with 2015.

Let’s try to paraphrase this in just one sentence:

The bar chart and table give information about a country’s export earnings from five groups of products in 2015 and 2016.

Note:

  • “give information about” is a good phrase when we have two related charts.
  • Try to make your introduction concise rather than complicated.
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Here’s my band 9 sample answer:

The bar chart and table give information about a country’s export earnings from five groups of products in 2015 and 2016.

It is noticeable that export revenues in all but one of the five product categories increased over the period shown. While petroleum products were the highest earning exports in both years, the textile industry saw the most significant growth in earnings.

Export earnings from petroleum products rose from around $61 billion in 2015 to $63 billion in 2016, which was an increase of 3%. Income from engineered goods reached a similar level. The country’s export earnings from these goods went up by 8.5% to approximately $62 billion in 2016.

From 2015 to 2016, there was a 15.24% increase in export revenue from textiles, with earnings rising from roughly $25 billion to over $30 billion. By contrast, there was almost no change in the amount of money earned from agricultural products, which remained at just over $30 billion. Finally, the only decline in income occurred in the gems and jewellery product group, where export earnings fell by around 5% to approximately $40 billion in 2016.

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IELTS Writing Task 1: collocations and phrases

Here are some good collocations and phrases from the sample answer that I shared last week.

Remember: a collocation is a group of words that are often used (and work well) together e.g. increased significantly, export earnings, textile industry.

  • a country’s export earnings
  • export revenues
  • income from
  • earnings from
  • the highest earning exports
  • it is noticeable that
  • five product categories
  • over the period shown
  • the textile industry
  • saw the most significant growth in
  • rose from… to…
  • which was an increase of
  • reached a similar level
  • went up by… to approximately…
  • there was a …% increase in
  • rising from roughly… to…
  • there was almost no change in
  • the amount of money earned
  • which remained at just over
  • decline in income
  • fell by …% to…
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IELTS Writing Task 1: long noun phrases

One feature of many academic task 1 answers is this: the verbs that we use are often easy , but the noun phrases that we write are long and relatively difficult .

Look at the following examples from my most recent sample answer:

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Verbs are highlighted in green.
Noun phrases are highlighted in blue.

  1. Export revenues in all but one of the five product categories increased.
  2. The country’s export earnings from these goods went up by 8.5%.

So, don’t try to impress the examiner with the verb structures that you use in writing task 1. Work on your noun phrases instead.

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IELTS Writing Task 1: noun phrase practice

Can you paraphrase (rewrite in a different way) the noun phrases below?

  1. consumer spending on five different products
  2. the consumption of rice and pasta in three European countries
  3. changes in the cost of renting a home between 2009 and 2019
  4. the market share percentage of four UK electricity suppliers

Note: There are no verbs in the phrases above, so they are not sentences.

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IELTS Writing Task 1: paraphrasing examples

Here are my suggestions for the paraphrasing exercise that I gave you last Thursday. Notice that I try to keep my paraphrasing quite simple.
a

  1. consumer spending on five different products =
    the amount of money that people spent on five items

  2. the consumption of rice and pasta in three European countries =
    the amounts of rice and pasta that people in (name the countries) eat

  3. changes in the cost of renting a home between 2009 and 2019 =
    information about residential rental prices over a 10-year period

  4. the market share percentage of four UK electricity suppliers =
    the proportion of the UK electricity market served by (four names)

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The bar chart displays the export earnings of a country in 5 different categories while the table illustrates the proportion alteration in each item in 2015 and 2016.

We can clearly see that the export income rose in almost goods categories, except from gems and jewellery products. Petroleum products owned the highest expenditure on exporting, whereas earnings in the textiles industry witnessed the marked increase.

The revenue from exporting petroleum was $61 billion in 2015 and went up to $63 billion in 2016, representing the change at 3%. At the same level of export earning was engineered goods. Income from these goods increased by 8.5%, from nearly $58 billion to $62 billion in 2016.

Between 2015 and 2016,textiles products rose 15.24% in earnings from export, with an increase to just over $30 billion in 2016. There was a marginal change in export revenue from agricultural products, with a 0.81% increase at a little over $30 billion in both years. Finally, the earnings from exporting gems and jewellery products noticed a decrease by 5.18%, to about $41 billion in 2016.

The given figures illustrate a nation’s export earning in five categories in 2015 and 2016.

Overall, it is noticeable that according to bar chart revenues in all categories except gems and jewellery increased in the given period while the table shows that the most significant growth was in textile industries.

To begin with the bar chart, export earning from petroleum products recorded as $61 billion which was about double of agricultural products and textile in 2015 and they followed the same trend in 2016 amounting for $63billion which was an increased of 3%, 32 billion dollars and textile industries with 32billion dollars which increased export income by 15.24 % respectively.

Furthermore, Earning from engineered goods inclined to $61 billion in 2016 from $58 billion in 2015 and income from these goods went up by 8.5%. Finally, the only decline in revenue occurred in the gems and jewellery products group, where export earnings dropped by 5% to approximately $40 billion in 2016.

The chart and table describe export revenues and percentage change regarding to one country’s exports field in different categories in 2015 and 2016.

It can be seen that almost categories rose over the period in overall. Petroleum products took the highest earning exports in both years, the textile field recognised as the most tremendous increase in earnings.

Export earnings from petroleum products went from around $61 billion in 2015 to $63 billion in 2016, which was a growth of 3%. Profit from engineered goods had a similar level. The country’s export earnings from these goods went up around 9% to around $62 billion in 2016.

From 2015 to 2016, there was a 16% increase in export revenue from textiles, with earnings rising from roughly $25 billion to over $30 billion. Compared with above categories, there was almost no change in the amount of revenue earned from agricultural products, which was unchanged at just over $30 billion. Finally, the only reduction in income happened in the gems and jewellery product group, where export earnings fell by around 5% to approximately $40 billion in 2016.

The bar chart and table illustrate the export revenue from five different product categories in 2015 and 2016.

It is noticeable that export earnings from five groups of products increased during the period years 2015 to 2016, except gems and jewellery. The majority of earnings came from petroleum, while textiles made the highest percentile jumps.

From 2015 to 2016, earning from petroleum export was over 60 billion dollars, which was a rise of 3%. At the same time, the percentage change in engineered goods rose by 8.5% to over 62 billion.

Export earnings from textiles went up to approximately 32 billion in 2016, which was higher 15.24 % than that in 2015. Simmilary, the number of money earned from agricultural products was a slight increase by almost 1 billion to nearly 0.81%. Finally, gems and jewellery had unprofitable, which decreased by 5.18% to $40 billion in 2016.