Pie charts about water use

Water usage seems to be a common topic in writing task 1. Have a look at the following pie chart question:

The pie charts below compare water usage in San Diego, California and the rest of the world.

image

Source: www.wrsc.org

Introduction (just paraphrase the question):
The pie charts give information about the water used for residential, industrial and agricultural purposes in San Diego County, California, and the world as a whole.

Overview (describe two main, general features):
It is noticeable that more water is consumed by homes than by industry or agriculture in the two American regions. By contrast, agriculture accounts for the vast majority of water used worldwide.

1 Like

IELTS Writing Task 1: correct the mistakes

The following sentences relate to the pie charts in last week’s lesson. Can you correct the mistakes in each sentence?

  1. Worldwide had spend water for agriculture almost 69%.
  2. The world’s proportion of water consumption go to agriculture by 69%.
  3. There are same percentage in water usage in industry between San Diego and worldwide by 23%.
  4. San Diego and worldwide consumptions had had same percentage which reached 23%.

Note:
Each of the sentences above is trying to describe one number. This is the most basic skill that you need when describing graphs and charts. If you want a good score in task 1, you must be able to describe one number clearly and correctly.

1 Like

ANSWERS FROM SIMON:

First, I’ll explain some of the problems:

Sentence 1

  • We need to use the present simple, not the past perfect.

  • The past perfect is also used wrongly. It would be “had spent”.

  • We don’t “spend” water.

Sentence 2

  • “go to agriculture” is wrong.

  • We can’t use “by 69%” in this case. Only use “by + %” when you are describing a change e.g. “prices increased by 10%”.

Sentence 3

  • “There are same percentage” is wrong.

  • We can’t use “by” with the percentage.

Sentence 4

  • “consumptions” of what?

  • Don’t try to use the past perfect “had had” - this seems very strange here. We just need the present simple.

  • “reached” implies that this percentage was lower in the past and has now increased. There is no information about past years, so we can’t use “reached”.

IELTS Writing Task 1: pie chart vocabulary

Here are a few sentences that describe the pie charts in this lesson. Can you guess which words I used in the spaces shown?

  1. In San Diego County and California State, residential water consumption _____ for 60% and 39% of total water usage _____.
  2. In both US regions, the _____ for agricultural water use is significantly _____, at 17% and 28%.
  3. By contrast, a _____ 8% of the water used globally goes to homes, and a massive 69% is required for agriculture.
1 Like

ANSWERS FROM SIMON:

Here are the words that I used:

  1. accounts, respectively

  2. figure, lower

  3. mere

The pie charts give information about the water used for residential, industrial and agricultural purposes in San Diego County, California, and the world as a whole.

It is noticeable that more water is consumed by homes than by industry or agriculture in the two American regions. By contrast, agriculture accounts for the vast majority of water used worldwide.

In San Diego County and California State, residential water consumption accounts for 60% and 39% of total water usage. By contrast, a mere 8% of the water used globally goes to homes. The opposite trend can be seen when we look at water consumption for agriculture. This accounts for a massive 69% of global water use, but only 17% and 28% of water usage in San Diego and California respectively.

Such dramatic differences are not seen when we compare the figures for industrial water use. The same proportion of water (23%) is used by industry in San Diego and worldwide, while the figure for California is 10% higher, at 33%.

(168 words, band 9)

1 Like